In Soviet period when the grass was green… people did iron almost eternal lenses. They are great on a photo. Therefore I decided to create this page. I photographed all of them in studio. Except Helios 81H 50/2. At first I passed it, and then it was bought…
About quality of the Soviet lenses read in my blog in other articles. Here the speech about beauty!
Industar 61L-3 50/2.8
The standard lens for SLR cameras with a connecting thread m39 and m42 constructed on the optical circuit “Tessar”. I was issued in options with a multi-enlightenment (with marking of MC) and without.
The optical circuit is calculated by the Soviet academician, the optician Mr. Slyusarev and V. Sokolova.
The diaphragm is made from 6 lobes, has good blackening, when closing there is a hole in the form of a star that allows to receive a characteristic interesting figure of Bokeh.
The lens creates the sharp image with good contrast. Aberrations is not insignificant.
It has a good macro opportunities. Allows to shoot in scale: 1:2.5, in the turned look 1:1.
I was issued in several variations with different markings.
Resolution capability on TU (center/edge) for this version: 42/30 lean/mm
Kaleynar 5H 100/2.8 of MC
The Soviet, high-aperture, manual telephoto lens with an N bayonet joint, i.e. under Nikon F system.
Has a multi-enlightenment.
Jupiter-9 85/2 MC — Upiter-9 MC
long-focus high-aperture lens for range-metering and reflex cameras. It is supplied with an iris 15-lobe diaphragm.
It was made at two plants: at Lytkarinsky plant of optical glass (Lytkarino) and the Krasnogorsk mechanical plant of S. A. Zverev (Krasnogorsk).
Is issued also in option with a multi-layer achromatic enlightenment – the MSEC (since 1985).
The MC version is much steadier against scattered and side light. Falling of contrast and influence of flares – considerably decreased.
The lens Jupiter-9 85 mm f/2 is enumerated from Zeiss Zonnar 85mm by f/2 (Carl Zeiss Jena Sonnar 85 mm f/2).
Nevertheless, it concedes to Zeiss on optical and mechanical quality. Generally at Jupiter-9, rather big percent of spoilage. Proved export options where the name Jupiter is written by Latin better.
The best lenses Jupiter-9 can be considered the white Jupiter of both plants which are let out till 1965.
Originally I had the name “KZ-85” — Krasnogor Zonnar, 85 mm and It was in options for range-metering photocameras like “Kiev” and “Sharp-sighted”. Designer and technological documentation on the lenses “Sonnar” of the German firm Carl Zeiss, and also the equipment for production were delivered in the Krasnogorsk on account of reparations after the termination of the Great Patriotic War. After a casing were processed and for use with reflex cameras.
The lens of Jupiter-9 85 mm f/2 is quite good as a portrait lens (if the successful copy comes across). Issues rather sharp, but plastic and volume picture. Due to low resolution and small contrast range well transfers a halftone and hides defects of skin. Convenient smooth aiming on sharpness.
Resolution capability on TU (center/edge): 30/18 lean/mm
Helios 44K-4 58/2
High-aperture six-lens anastigmat. Multi-layer enlightenment. Differs in exact coincidence of visual and photographic image planes. It is created on the basis of the lens Biotar 2/58 (Carl Zeiss Jena), at the beginning I wore the name “BTK” — “Biotares Krasnogorsk”. It has 58 mm (58,60 mm) focal distance, the relative hole 1:2, angle of a vision: 40 °28′, frame size 24×36 mm. Number of lenses/groups: 6/4. Working distance: 45,5 mm. Limits of a scale of diaphragms: 1:2-1:22, 1:2-1:16. Quantity of lobes of a diaphragm 6. Resolution capability of 46/33/26 lines/mm.
wide angle lens for the range cameras with the device of diaphragm automated installation. I succeeded the lens Mir-3.
It is sharp, contrasting, pleasant blur of zones of unsharpness.
Resolution capability center/edge: 42/20 lean/mm
Hand-operated long-focus lens diaphragm and big resolution capability. The name in export Jupiter-37A 3.5/135 option.
The letter “A” in the name of a lens, says that on such lens it is possible to set the adapter — a replaceable shaft (on a bayonet joint of Nikon, the Pentax).
Is issued also in option with a multi-layer achromatic enlightenment – the MSEC (since 1980). The version MC is much steadier against side light. Falling of contrast and flares – are practically not present.
There is also a MSEC Jupiter-37АМ version. It is the upgraded model of earlier let out lens “MSEC Jupiter-37А”. This model differs from previous, higher reliability, and also smaller weight due to introduction of constructive enhancements.
The lens Jupiter-37 A 135 mm f/3.5 is enumerated from Zeiss Zonnar of 135 f/3.5 (Carl Zeiss Sonnar 135mm f/3.5). In this case the lens, undoubtedly, was successful and turned out not worse well-known the forerunner.
At this lens, special, “warm” color rendition. It issues the sharp and at the same time plastic and volume picture. It is possible to use as a portrait lens, but due to big resolution we can reveal defects of skin.
Convenient smooth aiming on sharpness.
Diaphragm at Jupiter-37А is iris and multi-lobed. Change of diaphragm number the smooth, without the fixed values.
Angle of a field of vision — 18 °. The lens is exploited at a temperature from minus 15 to plus 45 °C and the relative humidity no more than 80% at a temperature of 20 °C.
Resolution capability on TU (center/edge): 45/30 lean/mm
High-aperture, normal lens with constant focal distance for cameras with a connecting thread of M42.
It was issued on the Krasnogorsk mechanical plant and the Valdai plant “Jupiter”. There are versions both with a one-layer chemical enlightenment, and with a multienlightenment (in marking it is added by MC).
Resolution capability on TU (center/edge):
Helios – 44M-4: 38/19 lines/mm
The MC Helios – 44M-4: 41/20 lines/mm
Helios – 44M-4: 0.80
The MC Helios – 44M-4: 0.85
Helios – 44M-4: 10-0-1.5
The MC Helios – 44M-4: 11-0-0
Wide angle lens with the brightened-up optics or a multi-layer enlightenment for SLR cameras.
Threaded (m42) the version was issued the Krasnogorsk mechanical plant.
The software “Arsenal Plant” (Vega plant) let out also bayonet Mir-24H option MC (a bayonet joint — Nikon), with the same optical circuit, but other constructive option of a casing.
In construction of a lens there was used the blinking (push) diaphragm with possibility to disconnect.
Distinctions between Mir-24M and MC Mir-24M — only in the clarifying covering of lenses. The version with a multienlightenment is much better steady against side and control lighting.
Other characteristics of Mir-24 35 mm f/2
Resolution capability on TU (center/edge): 40/21 lines/mm
Light coefficient (MC Mir-24M): 0,90
Chromaticity formula (MC Mir-24M): 11 – 0 – 0
Calculation: GOI, ampere-second. N288346, BI N36 1970 of.
Construction: Halitov R. N., Novikova T.K., the leading optician — Martynova V. N.
Production: the limited-edition.